The Garrett Hardin Society

Copyright reprint requests for Garrett Hardin's material

From the representative of the estate of Garrett Hardin:

Please contact the original publisher before contacting the representative of the estate of Garrett Hardin, because the copyrights for most of Dr. Hardin's publications are still owned by their original publishers. If the original publisher maintains that the copyright had reverted to Dr. Hardin, or if the publisher, though now still in possession of the copyright, in addition required Dr. Hardin's permission, please include a copy of the publisher's communication to that effect when you contact Dr. Hardin's estate.

The item for which permission is required should be identified as completely as possible, and if the original is to be abridged in any way, even to the omission of any notes, references, figures, boxes, graphs, and so forth, such abridgements must be completely specified so that they can be reviewed for approval.

Thus, if you wish to obtain copyright permission to reprint any of Dr. Hardin's material, please:

  1. Contact the publisher to obtain permission.
  2. In the rare cases that the publisher says that the estate of Dr. Hardin must then be contacted, you can contact the Garrett Hardin Society and we will put you in touch with the representative of the estate.
    When you contact us on this matter, please let us know the name of the publisher you contacted, the date you contacted them, and whether they issued copyright permission.
  3. The representative of the estate will require copies of the permission you received from the publisher.

For example

For example, if you wish to reprint the Tragedy of the Commons, follow these steps:

  1. The article was published in 1968 by Science Magazine. A search on the Science Magazine website for "Tragedy of the Commons" returns this page containing abstract information.
  2. On the left side of that page, click on "Get permission". This will take you to a Rights Link page, administered by the Copyright Clearance Center. On the Rights Link page, you will have the ability to request copyright permission.
  3. In most cases, the Rights Link request mechanism does not require you to contact the estate of Garrett Hardin for additional copyright request, as the article is copyrighted by the publisher.


Under copyright law, all written material and photographs are implicitly copyrighted by the author or photographer. The main photo of Garrett Hardin is copyrighted by the photographer, who will allow the photo to be used for a small royalty fee. Contact us in order to be put in contact with the photographer.

Other photographs on the site, including photographs on the pictures pages, were taken by family and friends. The photographers and photo dates are unknown and we do not have the ability to put you in contact with the photographer. You may consider using these other photos under "Fair Use" - see below.


Please note that the Garrett Hardin Society does not have the ability to grant permission for reprint requests. We simply act as a liaison with the estate for such requests. We should also note that correspondence with the estate will be somewhat slow.

Fair Use

This following information is included by the Garrett Hardin Society webmaster:

I am not an attorney and do not have the authority to grant copyright use, nor do I have the ability to grant "Fair Use" usage. Indeed, the Garrett Hardin Society itself does not have this ability. The procedures above describe how to request copyright permission from the publisher / copyright owner.

Individuals have copied various articles and photographs from the internet for distribution to selected interested parties under the "Fair Use" doctrine. This means essentially that the material will be released to a small interested audience and will not be used for commercial purposes.


Many blog articles on the web include portions of other articles and include a Fair Use disclaimer similar to the one below. (The phrase "writings of Garrett Hardin" was added as an example below.)

Fair Use: This site contains copyrighted material, the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of issues related to the writings of Garrett Hardin. We believe this constitutes a "fair use" of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For more information, see: In order to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond "fair use", you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


It is up to you to determine if and how "Fair Use" would apply to any intended use of Garrett Hardin's material. Neither the Garrett Hardin Society nor its webmaster can make such a determination for you.

We sincerely thank you for your interest in the writings of Garrett Hardin.